Friday, July 21, 2017

Cheating Casino Dealer on the run in Louisiana

Scene of Casino-Cheat Crime
LaCharle LeWayne Scott, a dealer at the Eldorado casino in Shreveport, Louisiana, was peeking at the top card of her deck (I am not sure which game it was but due to the amount I assume it was blackjack), and either giving or not giving that card to her two casino-cheating cohorts, identified as brothers Hilton and Deaudra Hart. I am not sure of the sex of the dealer, but he or she has been charged of repeating this offense at least 25 times for a total cheating profit to the Hart Brothers of $23,000.

So this was quite a sizeable casino scam for a Shreveport, Louisiana casino.

Peeking at the top card by a dealers reeks of a poker scam or blackjack scam, where the dealer evaluates whether or not that top card will help or hurt her partners.

Warrants were issued for all three participants, and the Hart Brothers duly turned themselves in, with bail being set for $5,000 each.

The dealer, however, is on the run...and I'm betting she'll be caught soon...most likely in another casino gambling with her illicit casino gains.

This is another example of the huge increase in dealer-participation casino-cheat scams that have gripped US casinos the past few years.

Wednesday, July 19, 2017

Phil Ivey Baccarat Edge-Sorting Scam Update! Supreme Court Lawyer Calls Ivey "Robinhood."

Is that Phil Ivey?
Phil Ivey's attorneys two days ago were in the United Kingdom's supreme court to make their last effort arguing that London's Crockfords Casino must pay Ivey and his casino-cheating companion Cheung Yin Sun the 7.7 million pounds the pair won back in 2012 by edge-sorting the baccarat cards.

Apparently the arguments were both interesting and entertaining. At one point, Crockfords' attorneys likened Ivey's testimony to the Robin Hood tale, claiming that Ivey's claim that he was just taking advantage of a flaw in the casino's dealing procedure was no better than Robin Hood's reason to steal from the rich to feed the poor.

I found a good article on the proceedings here that is worth a read.

Electronic Roulette Cheating in Quebec Casino Charlevoix

Pretty Place!
Yujin Wu, an Australian national of Asian descent, arrived at the Charlevoix casino, near Quebec City, on or around June 9th of this year. He played electronic roulette and very coolly and quickly beat the game for some five grand.

Mr. Wu cashed out his winnings, seemingly without incident, then returned to the casino on or around June 22nd.

This time Mr. Wu barely got to place a bet!

Whatever plans and strategies he had to beat the casino's electronic roulette table again were quickly dashed in the form of casino security agents and police arresting him.

Apparently, Mr. Wu arrived at the casino furnished with his own electronic gear to interfere with and beat the casino's electronic roulette system. Details are sketchy at best, but evidently an internal casino investigation into Mr. Wu's initial $5,000 win produced evidence of his tampering with the game and the casino was put on high alert for his return.

Sure enough Mr Wu did return as he must have figured he had a good thing going.

Well, now he is in an electronic mess! Probably a felony one.

Thursday, July 13, 2017

Did Phil Ivey and Sun Overplay their Baccarat hand during Cheat Scandal?

Could they have been more careful?
We all know the story of how poker great Phil Ivey and his feline gambling partner Cheng Yin Sun edge-sorted their way to tens of millions of dollars that are currently tied up in legal hassles across the globe between Ivey and Sun and victimized casinos.

There has long been a debate between casino-cheat whizzes and experts as to whether or not Ivey and Sun's edge-sorting technique is actually casino cheating. I, as one of those whizzes and experts, believe that edge-sorting does constitute cheating, not because Ivey and Sun manipulated the cards but rather because they manipulated the deal of the game by getting dealers to deal and turn cards that breach casino dealing and game protection rules.

But that aside, could Ivey and Sun behaved differently and avoided detection of their scam? Could they have carried it out in a better fashion?

Probably so.

You've all heard the famous saying of doom about going to the well too many times, but in Ivey and Sun's case, perhaps they went to the wells with too-big buckets. By that I mean maybe they should have been content to win a million or a half million a shot instead of going as far as ten million in a single baccarat session. Maybe the casinos would have been more convinced that theirs was legitimate baccarat play by high rollers and not so suspicious.

Well I, for one, certainly know how hard it can be to put the reigns on something so good that seems invincible and undetectable. Back when I created my famous Savannah move, my teammates and I often debated about how hard we should hit the casinos with it. We knew we would eventually take heat even though the move was virtually flawless and undetectable.

That's because sheer winning alone eventually takes heat.

So we went for the gusto just like Ivey and Sun did.

In the end, I would have to say that Ivey and Sun probably should have gone after the casinos with a little less ferocity, but I would also have to say that it would have been nearly impossible for them to make that determination. They would probably have been thinking that even if their scam got discovered, as it did, they would never end up in court, where as it now stands they have to refund their winnings.

After all, they especially could never have imagined that the courts would rule that their scam was NOT cheating but that they still had to return their winnings to the casinos.

All in all, this baccarat edge-sorting case is without a doubt is the most interesting casino-cheating case (or pseudo casino-cheating case) in the history of casinos.

Friday, July 07, 2017

Are Putin's Hackers into Cheating Casinos?

Putin Casino Hacking Center?
Interesting question, isn't it?

We've all heard the accusations against Russian President Vladimir Putin ordering his team of ace hackers to infiltrate the 2016 US presidential election, but as Putin is known to be hoarding billions of dollars in money he's taken in one way or another from Russian businesses and businessmen, is it far-fetched to believe that he's also ordered his hackers to infiltrate gambling casinos?

Nor just US casinos but casinos anywhere in the world.

I don't have a definitive answer for this intriguing question, but I certainly do have an opinion. And it's based on facts that link Russian hackers to casino scams in the past.

Most recently, a team of Russian hackers beat Australian casinos' pokies out of millions. They did this by using smart phones, sophisticated apps and even more sophisticated mathematical minds behind the whole thing.

This same hackers beat American casinos' poker machines out of millions back in 2014. It was noted that American poker machines were paying a lot more money to Russian players than they were taking in--even though there were no large payouts or jackpots.

It was also noted that these Russian players would always have one of their hands in a pocket or in a bag while playing small amounts of money and then seemingly winning every time they made a significantly larger bet.

In Australia they were known to be entering the pokie screen displays into their sophisticated apps.

So, was Putin giving the orders for these illicit poker-machine scams as well?

Well, your guess is as good as mine, but I will tell you this: NEVER put anything beyond Vladimir Putin.

Tuesday, July 04, 2017

New Bahamian Casino hit by major Roulette Chip-Color Scam

How much is each stack worth?
I am a bit late in reporting this as it happened two months ago in the end of April, but it is a significant piece of news in the casino-cheating world.

Two American casino cheats from Florida hit the new Baha Mar casino with the already infamous roulette chip-color scam, a scam scene quite often in the continental US but not seen before in the Caribbean as far as I know. That's to say I've read no reports about it until now.

The scam is simply to obtain a color of non-redeemable roulette chips at one roulette table and then bring them to a second roulette chip where those chips are put into play where the same color chips at the second table have a higher established value than they did at the first. It is always done with at least two cheats partnering up and in some cases a whole team.

At the Baha Mar in Nassau, one unnamed roulette chips bought in and played at the first table and then handed them off a stack of those chips to a second unnamed roulette cheat who played them at a much higher denomination than for what the first cheat had paid for. Details are sketchy, but according to Bahamian police the pair made off with $6,000 in profits due to the difference in chip denominations.

Their scam came apart when a casino employee noticed the first cheat subtly pocketing roulette chips on several occasions and then heading off to the bathroom, where he must have given them to his cohort.

The $6,000 scam proved to be quite expensive for the pair of Floridian casino cheats. A Bahamian chief magistrate listened to the two tell her that they were pressured from a third man to participate in the scam before she sentenced them to two years in prison each.

My take: Definitely a heavy sentence for a low-level/low tech casino scam. I guess sometimes even the Bahamians are not so mellow!

Monday, July 03, 2017

Is it possible to get on a real enduring Hot Streak playing Slot Machines? Without Cheating?

Sizzling-Hot Slot Machines
When gamblers talk about hot streaks in casinos, online or in brick and mortar ones, the games that often get referred to are baccarat, roulette, blackjack and  poker. I myself as a baccarat dealer recall an evening where a gentleman banker dealt 24 winning bank hands in a row. I also remember one player playing heads up blackjack on a double-deck game who ran through two double decks without losing a single hand.

But what about slot machines?

When people talk about big scores on slot machines the subject is always jackpots or rigging jackpots, which in most casino jurisdictions is a felony punishable by years in prison. You don't hear much about people saying something like, "I went on this big sizzling slot machine streak and didn't lose on a single machine in a week."

Well, maybe that's because such a statement would be impossible based on reality.

But maybe not.

Back in the day when I was cheating casinos, my team and other cheating teams hung out after hours in a Denny's restaurant in Las Vegas next to the old Dunes Hotel. There we would shoot the shit and tell war stories. One guy at another table was telling a story about an old World War One veteran who entered the Golden Nugget casino in Downtown Vegas with a single nickel.

Well, did you ever hear of the expression "His last wooden nickel?"

This old-timer's nickel was not wooden....supposedly it was steel, one of the steel nickels that were minted during World War Two because of shortages of nickel alloy at the US mint.

And that steel nickel turned into gold because the guy went on a Sizzling Hot streak hitting slot machine after slot machine for small jackpots, which led to a much bigger jackpot he hit with five silver dollars at a casino ironically called "The Mint.".

The amount of his sizzling win was more than half a million dollars...and we´re talking 1960s here!

Saturday, July 01, 2017

Interesting Online Casino Cheat Article

I came across this article and find it well written and very informative. Is is about Edgeless.io, a compnay that promises absolute transparency and zero house percentage. I don't have an opinion about Edgeless.io, but the article deals quite well with online casino cheating.

Don't Take the 888 Casino Blog and its Star Writer Nicholas Colon too Seriously

888's Star Casino-Cheat Writer
A while back I wrote six articles for the 888 Casino blog. They only published two of them, which kind of pissed me off, even though I was paid for all six. I wondered what the problem was. I mean I have been writing casino articles about cheating and advantage play for more than a decade now, for blogs, magazines and even newspapers, and none of the publishers of my work ever seemed to have a problem with it.

But the editors at the 888 Casino Blog would never give me a straight answer as to why the majority of my articles were never published on its site. So I just let it go, cancelled my agreement with them but still continued to read the articles posted on it.

And slowly I began to see perhaps why they never published my articles. I don't want to sound haughty, but maybe my articles were too good and too real for them.

It seems to me that the bulk of their articles are exaggerated and inaccurate. Their constant coverage of ineffective roulette strategies, baccarat strategies, side-bet strategies to me is annoying.

Then their articles on cheat methods such as dice-control might make readers want to quit their day jobs and become potential Casino Cheats Hall of Fame inductees while in reality their cheating articles are ridiculous.

Take a recent one by Nicholas Colon, one of 888's star writers who has begun posting a barrage of casino advantage-play and cheating articles over the past several months.

The article of his that really got me going to write this critique is his latest casino-cheat article in which he calls Dustin Marks, a well-known cheat but who in reality did minimum damage to Las Vegas and other jurisdiction casinos, perhaps the greatest cheat of all time.

In his article, Colon states that Marks earned tens of millions of dollars during the four-year period of his blackjack career and as much as $150,000 in single sessions by way of marking cards, stacking cards, stacking chips...and even switching in coolers.

GIMME A BREAK!

If Dustin Marks earned $150,000 total for his entire four years cheating, I'd be surprised! Look, I admit that written accounts of how many millions I earned during my 25-year cheat career are greatly exaggerated, but I promise you this: I sure as hell got a lot closer to tens of millions than Dustin Marks did!

Reading Colon's article on Dustin Marx as well as his other articles on 888's blog lead me to the conclusion that he is just another writer on the subject of casino cheating and advantage-play who doesn't know much about either.

Thursday, June 22, 2017

Former High-Level Casino Executive Goes Down in Big Pennsylvania Slot Machine/Loyalty Card Scam

Casino Exec/Casino Cheat
Pennsylvania casinos have been a hotbed for casino-cheating scams, and a significant amount of those have involved employees, dealers and floorpeople alike. But we don't see to many high-level casino execs involved in cheating scams.

Robert Pellegrini made the grade. As vice-president of the Mohegan Sun casino in Wilkes-Barre, he engineered and directed a $500,000 scam that involved bilking the casino by using players' stolen loyalty card PIN numbers in order to play the slot machines for free.

Pellegrini teamed up with Rochelle Poszeluznyj, a casino cocktail waitress who memorized players loyalty card PIN numbers as she took their orders and brought the drinks. She then passed that information to Pellegrini, who made copies of the cards and stocked them up with free reward money which was used to get free slot play.

Enter Heltzel, a casino player who'd already been caught cheating at that very but inexplicably was not banned. Pellegrini made Heltzel the player who actually played with the loyalty cards, fraught with stolen identities, and split the money with Pellegrini and Poszeluznyj.

They bilked the casino for nearly a half a million bucks.

How did the scam come apart?

Well, you might have guessed it. Of course it had something to do with Poszeluznyj, who may have been a real looker who liked to go shopping with her share of the proceeds.

Problem was a jealous male dealer who was not involved in the scam but who knew about it from Poszeluznyj, was in love with the cocktail waitress and thought that Joseph Heltzel was bird-dogging Poseluznyj.

Pellegrini got 32 months in prison. At sentencing he claimed he was a compulsive gambler who stole the money not out of greed but rather to support his gambling habit.

Little credibility there, however, as at the time he was arrested he had more than $400,000 in the bank and other assets. He made the statement to the judge, "Where do you think casino workers go on their days off? They go to other casinos."

Apparently the judge bought it.

I don't. I was a casino dealer for two years and most of the dealers I knew stayed as far away from casinos as they could on their days off. Pellegrini was quoted as saying to his cohorts, "Get busy! I have bills to pay."

Poszeluznyj and Heltzel have pleaded guilty in the cheat scam and are awaiting sentencing.

My take: The most unusual piece of this unusual casino-cheat scam has got to be Poszeluznyj's last name! I mean, have you ever seen a last name containing two z's and ending in nyj? Not in this country!

And to torture myself I wrote it out each time in this article! I did not use any quick keys, and of course I could not remember how to spell it even one time!

Sunday, June 18, 2017

Pastposting Bust at Mississippi Casino

Mississippi Casino Cheat
Good ol' fashioned pastposting is alive and well, but not always the smartest way to make money in casinos. People trying this casino-cheat tricks, especially those who are far from being professional, should consider other ways to make money, and would probably do better to forget about making money in casinos in the first place.

This latest arrest occurred at the Scarlet Pearl casino in D'iberville, Mississippi. The pastposter, 36-year-old Shantel Monique Welch, was reportedly playing 21+3 blackjack. The amount of her casino-cheat moves and the specific type of pastposting she used has not been released to the public, so I can't say whether she was actually adding chips to already existing winning bets or switching existing chips for those of a greater value. I would tend to lean toward the former,which is more commonly referred to as bet-capping.

In any case, this appears to be the work of an amateur who now stands accused of a felony, surely not worth whatever money she was cheating the casino out of.

Thursday, June 08, 2017

7 Years in Prison for Largest Counterfeit Casino-Chip Scam in History

Were all those chips fake?
Of course it happened at the Marina Bay Sands casino in Singapore. The mastermind of the fake-chip-cashing scam was Toh Hock Thiam and the amount of fake chips cashed out in the casino on a single day and night, November 22, 2015, was some $1.3 million.

That is a major scam, even by Singapore casino-scam standards. It is amazing to me how many different casino-cheating operations happen in Singapore casinos, and how many of them involve inside-cheating dealers, though I do not know if Toh  Hock Thiam had any casino-employee cohorts at the tables or at the casino cage.

But what he did have was 16 "runners" to cash out the chips, all of which were $1,000 chips and were of excellent quality. In fact, the counterfeit chips had five of the nine security features that the casino's genuine chips had, and they were not detectable to the naked eye.

A week later, a casino cashier employee noticed a slight defect on one of the chips, which led to the investigation of the scam and the arrests of Thiam and two syndicate underlings he'd hired to distribute the fake chips to the runners inside the casino's bathrooms.

My take: These were the best counterfeit chips since a Las Vegas chip counterfeiter named Charles O'Reilly (called Chipper Charley for his trade) manufactured scores of fake $100 chips in his garage for several Vegas casinos and cashed them all out--by a team of knockout Vegas beauties who moonlighted as showgirls.

Thursday, June 01, 2017

Pennsylvania Hollywood Casino Hit by Insider-Dealer Cheat Scam

Sic Bo Scam in Pennsylvania
This time it was on the Sic Bo table, which is frequented by both roulette and craps players. The dealer worked in cahoots with a friend, who received covert siganls from the dealer instructing him when and how much to bet. Then the cheating dealer simply entered the winning numbers on the betting board and his friend collected the payoffs.

According to video surveillance, the pair pulled off the cheat-moves twelve times and earned more than $11,000. Or I should say borrowed since that money will be going back to the casino.

For their efforts, the guilty casino-cheat dealer/partner duo were charged with--you guessed it--12 counts of fraud and a bonus of two counts of conspiracy and one count of theft.

Again, this is another example of repetitive low-level casino-cheat scams that have to end getting caught--even by surveillance staffs that often lack experience.

Card-Switching and Bet-Capping All-In-One-Three-Card-Poker-Scam at Bethlehem Sands Casino in Pennsylvania

Site of Three-Card Poker Scam
A trio of casino cheats hit the Bethlehem Sands Casino with a right-left combination on its three card poker tables to the tune of $2,300, not much if you consider that they pulled a total of 23 cheat moves to gain that sum, all of which are considered felonies.

Bureau of Gaming Enforcement agents ran back surveillance tapes and saw the trio switching cards, glaring at one another's hands and then adding chips to their existing bets or raking chips off what they knew would be losing bets.

This is another example of blatant and repetitive cheating that usually ends the same way. Even casinos with low-level surveillance and cheating expertise get wise when low-level cheats go to the mill not one too many times but perhaps twenty-two too many times!

The cheats were charged with a bucket of felonies and released on $7,500 bail each, about ten times the amount of money they earned for their exploits, which they'll have to forfeit anyway.

Saturday, May 27, 2017

Blatant Insider Casino Craps-Cheat Scam in Louisiana Casino

Louisiana Craps-Cheat Team
We've seen it countless times before and we'll see it countless times again. A Louisiana couple, Kevin Gray and Josekeitha White, teamed-up with crooked 49-year-old craps dealer Anthony Thompson at the Treasure Chest Casino in Kenner, Jefferson Parish.

It was another scam of the dealer paying his cohorts for non-winning or non-existent bets on the craps tables or simply not raking off the losing bets. Apparently the craps cheat-scam took place over two weeks and netted between $3,000.

I read that Thompson's cohorts, a man and a woman, played at his table some 70 times during those two weeks! A bit excessive and obvious, no? And in some cases they didn't even put a bet down and Thompson paid them.

Talk about a stupid and brazen casino-cheat scam!

Friday, May 19, 2017

Are North Korean Hackers a Threat to Online Poker Sites?

Is he taking your gambling cash?
We've been hearing for several years now that North Korea and its computer hackers, both together and mutually exclusive, pose a threat to just about everything in existence, online or off.

So what about the online gaming industry? We've seen several cases of Russian hackers and sophisticated online gaming cheats teaming up to rig jackpots both online and in brick and mortar casinos. How come we haven't heard much of this emanating from North Korea?

Well, I, for one, have read some online articles detailing North Korean hackers partnering with President Kim Jong Un and his nefarious intelligence agency to run online gaming sites that are actually attracting their arch-enemy South Koreans as the bulk of its clientele. If this is true, and it probably is, I can hardly imagine a situation where any online gaming site run by North Korea is not a direct bustout criminal operation.

If hackers are involved, they are simply there to give Kim Jong Un the latest technology to rip off its players as quickly as possible and for as much as possible.

Supposedly North-Korean-run online gaming sites patronizing to South Korean customers rake in more than a billion dollars annually.

And, I, again for one, would trust a North Korean rake as far as I could throw it!

Friday, May 12, 2017

Believe it or not, there are small-time Chinese Baccarat Cheats too!

Low-level Baccarat Scams
We have for more than a decade now been hearing about huge baccarat casino-cheat scams being pulled off by Chinese baccarat cheats all over the world, most of which have been done in collusion with dishonest Chinese baccarat dealers. Many of these scams that have been busted had raked in millions of dollars before they were finally discovered. The vast majority of these Chinese baccarat scams have made it at least to a few hundred grand before coming apart.

But I just recently read an article about another Chinese baccarat scam last month that raised my eyebrows--and not for the usual reason. This baccarat cheat scam happened at the Isle Casino in Waterloo Iowa.

The two Chinese baccarat cheats arrested were accused of pastposting and pinching (removing bets after they lost) $25 bets. Their biggest cheat win was $750, and I assume that if that happened at baccarat, it was the culmination of several pastposts and pinches during an entire gambling session.

43-year-old Ke Jin Chen and 52-year-old Wei Kui Fang are residents of nearby Cedar Falls, Iowa. Does that mean that had they lived in New York or Connecticut they would have been cheating baccarat for bigger stakes in Atlantic City and Connecticut casinos?

Good question, but regardless of that they may be facing several felony charges in Iowa.

Friday, May 05, 2017

BrainChip A1 Technology Reportedly Will be Used in French Casinos.

Can this guy and his gadget beat Casino Cheats?  
Casino Cheating in France has always been a fascinating topic for me. Not only from my own experiences running sophisticated cheat teams through the French Riviera and Monte Carlo casinos but also from French cinema. There have been a half-dozen or so French films about casino cheats and their really "brainy" scams. My favorite is "Les Tricheurs", which simply means "The Cheats." It is about the famous French Cigarette Pack Roulette Scam that occurred back in the early 1970s.

So it is fitting that the French casinos be the first ones to put BrainChip A1 technology to the test. You can read how it works here.

How effective is A1 against casino cheating?

Well, I don't really know. I have always stayed true to my belief that no high-tech instruments can really stop high-skilled casino cheats more than a fraction of the time. Against some scams, it would certainly be effective. But against all scams?

No way.

Sunday, April 30, 2017

Wealthy Brazilian Gambler Hits $35,000 Straight-Up Roulette Bet and Wins $1,225,000 on First Spin--Was Cheating Involved???

Brazilian Billionaire and his BIG bet
Pedro Grendene Bartelle, a Brazilian who is supposedly already a billionaire, walked into the Conrad casino in Punto De Este, Uruguay on January 3 and made probably what is the biggest straight-up roulette bet ever made public in the history of legalized casino gambling worldwide. It was his first bet and he won!

$1,225,000 that is.

Which evokes a heck of a lot of questions.

The first of which is how did Bartelle gain permission to make such a large wager when the normal straight-up maximum bet at the Conrad casino is a mere $50? I have never heard of such a huge roulette straight-up bet, not even in the heyday of the famous Las Vegas Horseshoe casino when the legendary owner Benny Binion ran it. Binion was known for allowing enormous bets in his casino, and players indeed took him up on it.

One player once walked into the horseshoe with a suitcase filled with packets of $100 bills and dumped it on the pass-line at the first craps table he saw.

It turned out to be a million bucks and he won.

But 35 grand straight-up on a 37 to 1 longshot?

Well, maybe the bet was legit. Or maybe it wasn't. Maybe the casino had a deal with Bartelle and helped rig the winning outcome, which was number 32, which happens to be my favorite number.

During my 25-year casino-cheating career, I did a lot of big-time roulette pastposts with chips on number 32--although none ever came close to a million-dollar payoff! LOL

But you never know about casinos in South America, therefore you never know about their employees.

Of course you might ask, "Why would a billionaire be involved in a roulette casino-cheat scam involving a mere million bucks--or a bit more?"

Well, maybe just for kicks. Lots of celebrities have been known to use their celebrity status for additional financial gain and publicity.

You can also ask, "Why does any billionaire strive for more billions and more success?" See what I mean?

So you can throw logic out the window.

Of course I wasn't there to see the spin go down, so I cannot offer any definitive evidence for or against cheating, but the whole scenario is indeed very interesting.

I will say this, however: billionaires do not like to lose at anything...PERIOD

Friday, April 28, 2017

Here's a Casino-Cheating Laugh!

Big Football Player Casino Cheat
I have always thought of the possibility of a famous celebrity or athlete trying to cheat the casino with one of my moves.

Well, it seems to have happened, although I cannot say that the famous person who got caught doing just that was using one of my moves.

It happened at the Treasury Casino in Brisbane Australia, where Australian League football player Joe Ofahengaue pastposted a $100 chip beneath an original bet of one $15 chip. He was paid but was later seen on surveillance video and approached at the same table inside the casino.

Details are sketchy on how exactly Mr. Ofahengaue did the move, whether it was a bet-cap or a complete chip-switch, but he immediately admitted guilt and was processed by an Australian court.

The judge obviously is a fan of either Ofahengaue or his team as he slapped his wrist with a $400 fine and banished the conviction from his record.

My take: Well, first off, if this was truly a premeditated cheat-move and not some kind of mistake, Ofahengaue made his first mistake by not leaving the casino (or at least the table) and not having an associate hang around to make sure the move was clean and there was no steam afterward. If he was at the casino alone, he should have left the casino immediately and found another one to continue his cheating endeavors.

Lucky for him the judge didn't throw the football at him! Pardon the pun...or punt.

Friday, April 21, 2017

Phil Ivey's Cheat Partner Loses Baccarat Edge-Sorting Case Against Foxwoods Casino

Foxwoods Beats Baccarat Cheat in Court
We´ve all had our fill (pardon the Phil Ivey pun) of Kelly Cheung Yin Sun and her involvement in Ivey's baccarat scam. She and Ivey continue their war of lawsuits and counter-lawsuits against several casinos worldwide in an attempt to either force casinos to pay withheld cheat-winnings or to avoid having to return paid cheat-winnings to casinos.

They have lost on every case so far, although one or two are now on appeal.

Today Sun lost another case against Foxwoods casino in Connecticut, which withheld more than a million bucks of baccarat-cheat winnings from her and another female accomplice. Apparently this baccarat-cheat episode happened before she hooked up with Ivey.

I don't think she'll be able to appeal this decision as the court didn't take into consideration whether or not Sun's edge-sorting is cheating or not, but rather simply decided that the casino is protected from this lawsuit because it has tribal immunity.

Well, Sun, too bad! Now take your lawsuit down the road, jerkoff!

Another Rank but Costly Insider-Casino-Cheat Scam at Singapore Marina Bay Sands Casino--And a Casino-Cheating Foursome Indicted by a Grand Jury in South Dakota

Behemoth Cheat Casino
It seems that the cheating dealers working at the Marina Bay Sands casino in Singapore never take a break! This time the dealer, a Chinese national, colluded with another Chinese national who is also a student to bilk the MBS casino for $140,000 on, of course, the mini-baccarat table.

It was just another simple overpay/don't take losing bets/give the player additional chips on buy-ins--operation.

If you're thinking: Why is this casino so infested with insider-dealer-cheat scams? The answer is because it is a very lax casino as far as casino table-game protection, surveillance and security are concerned.

This casino shold have called me in as a consultant/trainer years ago.

Read the article here.

In other casino-cheating news, two casino employees and two players were indicted by a South Dakota, US grand jury for cheating the Dakota Sioux casino in South Dakota on New Years Eve, 2015 and New year's Day, 2016 out of $10,000 on blackjack tables.

Again it was another overpayment scam involving one dealer, one pit boss and two players.

And the beat goes on.

Friday, April 07, 2017

Is Bicycle Casino Money-Laundering Raid Connected to Casino Cheating?

Money-Laundering Raid at Bicycle Casino
Last Tuesday, federal agents raided the long-time famous California poker and gaming club at the Bicycle Hotel and Casino in Bell Gardens, California. The basis of the raid was a money-laundering investigation by the FBI and other federal financial and ICE task forces.

Ever since I have been receiving several emails asking if casino-cheating at the Bicycle casino was somehow related to this. I also noticed in online news articles detailing the raid that people interviewed made references to "being cheated" or "something fishy" about how the poker and pai-gow games were run by Bicycle casino personnel.

So that is probably what spawned the questions about whether pai-gow or poker cheating at the Bicycle casino could be involved in this.

My short answer is no.

Money-laundering is a criminal operation usually carried out by drug cartels or other illegal criminal gangs involved in high-cash operations, tens of thousands or hundreds of thousands of dollars on a weekly basis. Casino cheats, even the highly professionl ones that do make serious money, are not generally in the category of money-laundering. They may hold on to chips and not cash out to avoid casino security and surveillance catching on to their casino and poker cheating activities, but that's about it.

So, no, the big federal raid on the Bicycle casino most likely is an investigation into major Asian gangs laundering  some serious cash.

Friday, March 31, 2017

Who's the Best Fictional Poker Cheat in History?

Paul Newman's Poker Cheat in "The Sting"
We've all see the poker films that have portrayed card sharps and poker cheats.

There was of course Paul Newman in "The "Sting." Then there were Lady Fingers and Shooter in "The Cincinnati Kid." Then of course there were Matt Damon and Edward Norton in "Rounders."

Several more were  depicted in the "Wild West" Films of the 50s, 60s and 70s.

But who was the best of the best of these poloroid cheats?

It's a good question, but for me the best of the best was Paul Newman when he stung Robert Shaw in "The Sting." Shaw had switched out the deck with the help of a handkerchief and replaced it with a deck set up to give Newman four 3s and himself four 9s, which would surely result in a bust-out hand for Newman.

But Newman, after he drew two cards to a starting hand of three 3s and received the fourh 3, somehow switched out his hand and replaced it with a hand containing four Jacks, busing out Shaw.

So this cheating the cheat hand or reverse poker cheat scam was the best fictional poker cheat of all time!

Saturday, March 25, 2017

13 Casino Cheats and Tons of Chaos Result in $160,000 Being Fleeced from Cambodian Casino---Well, Almost

Would anyone gamble on the square in this shithole?
If you ever wanted an example of how an unorganized and poorly run casino with no adherence to proper gaming procedure leads to being vulnerable to casino-cheat attacks, read the article below!

I mean, I've never been to Cambodia and would have guessed their casinos were somewhat poor in table game protection, but this is really too much to believe--13--count 'em--13 casino cheats in one casino-cheat team in the same casino at the same time..

They probably wore shirts with "CASINO CHEAT" logos on the backs. LOL

And all 13 were Cambodian nationals, who by Cambodian law are prohibited from gambling in Cambodian casinos in the first place.

Read the article here.

My take: Take a look at the photo! This place looks like a mess!

Friday, March 24, 2017

Rare: Chinese Mini-Baccarat Pastposter caught and arrested at New New York State Casino

More Chinese Bacarat Cheating
Why do I say "rare?"

Because even though the game of casino baccarat is the one of preference for virtually all Chinese casino cheats, hardly ever is the chosen method of casino-cheating pastposting. Chinese cheats almost always work in collusion scams with dealers and mainly use the false shuffle scam at baccarat.

This time, however, forty-nine year-old Chinese baccarat cheat Jing X. Jiang is accused of simply pastposting winning bets on the mini-baccarat table at the new del Lago Resort Casino near Rochester. He is said to have scammed the casino out of $6,000 with repetitive pastposting cheat moves, which means he was most likely working with $100 and/or $500 chips.

Now Mr. Jiang finds himself charged with Gambling fraud and Grand Larceny, both felonies, and could be looking at some prison time.

My take: Not to sound racist or anything, but I think Chinese baccarat cheats ought to stick to the false shuffle baccarat scams. Also, it should be noted that pastposting, especially when done with high-denomination chips, should only be done one time at any particular table. In my entire 25-year cheating career, I maybe performed multiple pastposts on the same table a dozen times.

Repetitive pastposts on the same table, be it baccarat, blackjack or roulette, usually lead to the same ending usffered by Mr. Jiang.

Friday, March 17, 2017

A REALLY Wanted Casino Cheat!

WANTED!
I have heard of some pretty prolific casino cheats, including myself, but I have NEVER seen one who's had his or her WANTED photo posted on the walls of post offices or on police and FBI websites before.

All this casino-cheat-law-enforcement hoopla is about Jubreal Chahine, a 40 year-old professional casino cheat who's been around casinos for some 15 years or so. His main casino-cheat gig has always been bet-capping and pastposting, at which he is pretty damned talented, but two years ago he was arrested in a Pennsylvania casino while applying for a Players Club card under his real name while he was wanted on outstanding casino-cheat-crime felony warrants.

How such a clever casino cheat could be so utterly stupid is a mystery to me!

Well, Chahine, also known as Alexander Gabriel Allen, is now wanted in Las Vegas for an assortment of criminal casino-cheat crimes, and the Clark County District Attorney's office has given him poster-boy status among casino cheats.

The photo above is now hanging on the walls of Clark County post offices and is on the website of various law-enforcement agencies.

Expect to see Mr. Chanine back behind bars soon.

Monday, March 13, 2017

Ivey and Sun Get New Life in UK Edge-Sorting Baccarat Scam Lawsuit

Infamous Baccarat Cheat Pair
It had appeared that Phil Ivey and his baccarat-cheat partner Cheng Yin Sun were running out of options in their lawsuit against Crockfords Casino in London to force the casino to pay them the $12 million they scammed from it back in 2012, but now the UK supreme court has granted the cheat-pair a final appeal, so Ivey and Sun are still not dead yet.

The UK lower courts have ruled that Crockfords does not have to pay Ivey and Sun their cheat profits, but they have never ruled that what the pair actually did constituted cheating. The reason why I call this cheating is because they altered the deal of the game in order to gain a material advantage against the casino, which in practically all casino jurisdictions is the very definition of cheating.

Ivey and Sun are in a similar situation in New Jersey with a lawsuit over the same edge-sorting which led to antoher huge casino baccarat win. Although this time the victim-casino, the Atlantic City Borgata, had already paid Ivey and Sun their $10 million and sucessfully sued to recover the money from them.

Ivey is still trying to win a final appeal in that case as well.

My take: I don't think the UK supreme court will reverse the lower courts' decisions--I sure hope they don't.

Thursday, March 09, 2017

A Real Law & Order Casino Cheat Case!

Most casino cheating cases that end up in court usually take little of the court's time. Normally it's an hour-or-two hearing and the judge makes his decision and slams his gavel.

But a very interesting baccarat-cheating case from Foxwoods Casino in Connecticut is making a lot of noise in a State Distict Court.

Back in 2014, a Chines couple and a Foxwoods baccarat dealer were charged with cheating Foxwoods out of $500,000 using the already infamous false-shuffling scam, which has the dealer faking the shuffle and preserving the order of the cards from the last shoe so that the players can know what the outcome of the upcoming deal will be.

The actual charges are cheating at gambling and first degree larceny.

The Chinese couple, Yan Wang (woman) and Bohen Zhang (man), rejected the state's plea offer of three years in prison followed by five years of probation, plus restitution. The Chinese dealer, George Zhu, was offered one year in prison followed by five years of probation, plus probation.

The plea-offers seem strange to me because the dealer or casino-employee in casino-cheat cases is usually given the stiffer sentence than his cohorts who took the money off the table. The state and casino usually want to punish the dishonest inside employee who sets up these casinuo-scams and puts them in motion. The cohors taking the money off the table usually are offered deals to testify against the dealer.

Well, in spite of all that, all three of them have decided to fight the case in court rather than accept the pleas. They each are risking as much as 25 years in state prison.

My take: Who said the Chinese aren't gamblers!

Friday, March 03, 2017

Insider Craps-Dealer Cheat Scam Stings Louisiana Casino

Cheating Craps Dealer
This time the insider-dealer-cheat scam happened at the craps table. It was kind of rank and not for the biggest ill-gotten casino-cheat fortune we've seen, but nevertheless 49-year-old Treasure Chest Casino Craps dealer Anthony Thompson was allegedly passing off chips to two cohort patrons on his craps tables over a seven-day period. By "passing off," I mean just that. He was not allowing late or pastposted bets, but simply giving chips to his craps-cheat partners at what he considered the most opportune times, most likely when supervisors weren't watching his games or boxmen were absent.

Eventually a video review of one table game caught the craps-cheating act, and then other videos going back a week revealed several repetitions of the passing-off-chips scam.

Police were called in to interrogate Thompson, who was subsequently placed under arrest and charged wtih several felonies including theft, cheating, swindling and conspiracy.

My take: This is a prime example of someone throwing out an entire casino career for not much more than a bag of peanuts. If he had two partners during this seven-day cheat-episode and they were equal three-way partners, Thompson's take would have been a mere $500. And even if the scam  had gone on for several weeks before that (casino videos are usually erased after a seven-day period), maybe he made a few grand.

But now he'll never work in a casino again, will have a criminal record and maybe even serve some prison time.

Wednesday, February 22, 2017

BetOnline Responds to Live Online Blackjack Cheating Charge

Did he or didn't he Cheat?
Ever since the BetOnline blackjack-cheating incident his Youtube a few days ago, tens of thousands of people, everyone from bloggers to online blackjack players to online blackjack cheats to the plain old curious, have been talking about it, analyzing whether or not actual online-casino-sponsored-cheating did take place.

Under tons of pressure to respond, BetOnline finally did. Read that response here and then come back to this page and read my take on it.

My take: It doesn't really seem that BetOnline admitted any cheating but rather emitted the usual phraseology about upgrading its feed and its dedication to maintaining the integrity of online casino gaming on their site.

Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Live Online Blackjack Dealer Caught Cheating?

Proof of Live Online Blackjack Cheating?
Don't be surprised! It's not the first time.

Two years ago a live online roulette dealer was caught simply placing the ball on the winning number without even spinning it!

As the live online tables are usually off to the side of the busy main casino, sometimes the inspectors charged with supervising them just forget about them, leaving the dealers free to do more or less what they please.

And if that dealer is dishonest, the consequences can be huge for the casino.

This time the evidence of the live online casino cheating incident appeared on Youtube. The live feed came from Global Gaming Labs of Costa Rica, which is used by several online casinos. Professional blackjack player Michael Morgenstern was reportedly playing online blackjack at BetOnline when he recorded the incident.

It seems that the dealer on the video is actually dealing a second card and not the top card, which is a flaming cheat move that has been around for centuries.

But the result of this second-deal move is puzzling. It resulted in the player losing and the casino winning the hand. Had the move not been performed, the player would have won the hand. This begs the obvious question: why is the dealer cheating for the casino? Normally dealers participate in cheat-scams to aid a player or players he's in cahoots with, and then they split up the profits.

It's hard to believe an online casino would partner-up with a dealer to cheat players when they already have an unbeatable online edge.

When I get more info on this I will certainly pass it along.

To see the video go here.

Monday, February 13, 2017

Professional Card-Switcher on Rampage through Washington State Pai Gow Tables

Washington St. Pai Gow Tables Inviting Cheats?
Though as yet unidentified, the alleged Pai Gow card-switching cheat is an aerospace engineer!

Hard to connect the aerospace industry with casino cheating, but maybe the guy had a gambling problem. I would be willing to wager that he is Chinese, though.

According to reports, the man was arrested and charged with thirteen counts of what they're calling second-degree cheating and five counts of misdemeanor theft. This IMMEDIATELY caught my eye. Firstly, I never heard of second-degree casino cheating. In just about every casino jurisdiction in the US, any casino cheating, regardless of the amount of money involved, is a felony. Even if it's for one dollar. And the $6,000 the card-switching cheat allegedly earned is being treated as misdemeanor theft!

My take: Well, it's simple. I would advise all you casino cheats out there to head out to Washington State! If your only risk at cheating attempts for serious money is being charged with misdemeanors, whata have you got to lose?

Chinese Dealer and Patron Team-Up for New Insider Casino Cheat Scam in British Columbia Casino

B.C. Dealer Cheat Scam
The details of what cheating incident actually occurred last November at the Lake City Casino have not been released but it happened at the roulette wheel. Twenty-one year-old roulette dealer Yun Long Yang and twenty-five year-old roulette player Mingzhe Xuwere arrested after an investigation by Canadian gaming authorities. Apparently the casino was tipped off by another dealer and began watching Yang at several roulette tables where they noticed that Xu was following him to each table.

Dealers being followed to respective tables by players is oftentimes a sign of a collusion cheating scam between dealer and player, although sometimes players like to follow a dealer who has been lucky for them on previous tables.

I do not yet have details of what the roulette cheat scam was, but I imagine it was something simple involving the dealer moving the player's chips onto winning numbers while marking them with the dolly or just simply paying out chips when supervisors weren't looking.

As soon as I have more on this, I will pass it along.

My take: Even though my own twenty-five-year professional cheating career began with an inside dealer collusion scam, I generally don't favor them--unless, of course, I am the dealer!

Thursday, February 09, 2017

Russian Smart Phone Slot Machine International Cheat Scam Widens

Russian Smart Phone Slot Scam
We first heard about the ingenius Russian Cell Phone Slot scams back in 2014 as it was deployed in Singapore's casinos.  Bit since then there has been evidence of its use in casinos worldwide, especially in the midwest United States.

To see all the details about the scam, read this article

My take: The main reason this Russian slot machine scam is so good, besides the obvious high-tech mastery and deception, is that the slot cheats operating it have shown themselves not to be too greedy. They are taking down relatively small wins and not the huge jackpots that draw too much attention. The band of Russian cheats typically enter a casino and take out a few grand a shot, but when they do this continually and have thousands of casinos to choose from, they get into the millions and even tens of millions very quickly.

Tuesday, February 07, 2017

Is this a Bungled Attempt at Pulling off my Famed Savannah Roulette Cheat Move?

Me demonstrating the Savannah
First, read this news account of what the aspiring cheat did.

Then tell me what you think. Is it an attempt as Savannah or not? And if you think it is, please tell me why you think it was good or bad or ridiculously bad.

My thought is, if I understand correctly what the guy was doing, is how could he sit there with his hands covering the bet the whole time the ball was spinning? How could the dealer or a floor person standing nearby not notice this?

And then, why didn't he just DO the Savannah correctly if his awkward move was indeed inspired by it? I mean, loads of people are out there still doing this incredible move with lots of success.

The bottom line is I'd bet this guy was indeed doing his version, albeit ridiculous, of my Savannah.

Thursday, February 02, 2017

Fox 8 News in Cleveland Releases Casino Surveillance Video of Dice-Sliding Craps Cheat Scam.

Two casino craps players at the Horseshoe Casino in Cleveland, Ohio were convicted of casino cheating, put on probation and ordered to make restitution of $39,000 to the casino, the amount they earned cheating the craps tables at the casino.

I took a look at this tape and can't really see jack shit, so maybe someone else out there can take a look at it and tell me if they see anything that would constitute real evidence of dice-sliding.

Friday, January 27, 2017

Who Really Cares About Artificial Intelligence Computers Beating Poker Players?

Poker Players Against AI
Like many of you, I have been reading a lot about this artificial intelligence poker player called AI who's beating the world's best poker players at special tournaments set-up just for this purpose. I ask myself who is interested in this crap anyway? In fact, the whole scene reminds me of chess computers and backgammon computers that work on the same principles as the poker AI computer. You can read all about AI here.

But who really cares about this stuff? Unless AI can be used by poker cheaters in live games, I don't see the interest in it. We of course already know that AI or other intelligent poker bots can win at online poker, but up until now I have not heard of any attempts to somehow get an AI player into a live poker cash game or tournament, and unless we do see such attempts, the whole AI poker thing is just going to be another case of backgammon and chess computers matching human manufactured wits against humans themselves.

Let me know what you think.

Sunday, January 15, 2017

The Invisible Card-Marking Ink That Wasn't!

His Invisible Ink Shined Like a Star
This is one of the most interesting and funny incidents of card-marking in casinos that I have ever heard! It actually came to light back in 2014, but I hadn't heard of it.

I just did last December when the Las Vegas Gaming Commision announced it was considering Bujar Kaloshi for a page in its infamous "Black Book," formally known as the Nevada State List of Excluded Persons.

Those unlucky enough to make this list cannot enter any Nevada State casino under the penalty of being arrested for felony trespassing. They are a collection of gaming and casino cheats, organized crime figures, and people with generally unsavory reputations who are considered harmful to the integrity of Nevada's casino industry.

Bujar Kaloshi, a long-time casino cheat specializing in card-marking and who has many funny-sounding name-aliases, may be the first card-marker in history to be using invisible ink to mark the cards that really wasn't invisible! He wore special contact lenses to see the marks on the backs of the cards, secure in his confidence that casinos' surveillance video aparatus could not see the markings.

Well, he was almost entirely right. But one surveillance operator at the Mohegan Sun casino in Connecticut had another idea, and what he did to implement it reminded me of the Beatles' publicity stunt in 1969 whereby spinning the album Abbey Road backwards, you heard chants that Paul McCartney was dead.

What the surveillance operator did, after recognizing Kaloshi playing at the poker table, was rewind the tape and put it in black-and-white mode which enabled him to clearly view the markings on the cards.

So the jig was up and Kaloshi's casino cheating career took a major hit.

He was subsequently placed in the black book

Saturday, January 14, 2017

World's Number One Casino Cheat Catcher Robert "Bob" Griffin of Griffin Investigations Dies

Legendary Cheat Catcher
Any poker cheat or casino cheat worth his weight in chips knows very well who Robert Griffin was.

For those of you who don't, Griffin was the founder of the original Griffin Detective Agency in the 1960s, which fast became the private investigation service used by the majority of Las Vegas, Reno and Lake Tahoe casinos. Today the agency is called Griffin Investigations and still serves as the number-one private casino-detective ageny, not only in the state of Nevada but throughout the entire world.

That is mainly because of the advent of his infamous "Griffin Book," which was (and still is online to those who employ Griffin) nothing less than the Who's Who of poker and casino cheating. Casinos around the world paid Griffin for his book in order to keep track of and identify hordes of international casino cheats and poker cheats.

I myself have an entire page (or more)  in the Griffin Book.

Though I never met Robert Griffin personally, I am sure he was as familiar with me as my own family.

His number-one prized agent, Andy Anderson, who recently passed away himself, was my personal nemesis in Nevada casinos during more than 20 years. He once told me it was his life mission to bust me and put me permanently out of business.

He of course never did.

And after I retired I actually became friendly with Anderson and saw him at various casino game protection conferences and seminars.

As for Griffin, his agency was responsible for putting many casino megacheats out of business and
some into prison, including those involved in the Tran Organization baccarat scam that bilked North American casinos out of some $20 million in the early and mid 2000s.

Griffin was also instrumental in putting the famous MIT blackjack card-counting team out of business.

Well, the Las Vegas casino-cheating world lost a legend, regardless of which side anyone occupied in that world.

Monday, January 09, 2017

The Grab Chips and Run Casino-Cheat Scam outdoes the Bet Chips and Run Casino-Cheat Scam...

Big Piles and Big Balls!
and that's not an easy thing to do!

When I was heavily into cheating Las Vegas casinos during the 70s, 80s and 90s, sometimes the heat in casinos that I generated was even too hot for me!

Which meant I had to put casino-cheating to the side--at least for awhile.

And during those lags in the cheating action, I often got bored--until I came up with what I later named the Harley-Davidson Bet and Run Scam. This scam was exactly what I called it: I bet the chips and if I didn't win, I grabbed the chips I'd bet right off the table before the dealer could take them and ran out the door, jumped on the back of a Harley Davidson 1200 and sped outta Dodge.

Read a full description of that move here.

But decades later, a guy by the name of Tony Carleo, who became known as the Bellagio Biker Bandit, outdid even me. He walked up to a craps table at the Bellagio, and without making a single bet grabbed up $1.5 million in chips off the table, ran out the door and jumped on his waiting Harley outside.

His take was mainly in $5,000 and $25,000 chips. I would have thought that it would have been next to impossible to cash out even the $5,000 chips, as the casino would have probably immediately taken them out of circulation and replaced them with a new series of $5,000 chips with a different color, essentially rendering Carleo's stolen chips worthless.

But that didn't happen and Carleo was able to go back into the Bellagio and buy in with them at various tables, then cash out lower denomination chips at the cage. He was able to convert $500,000 of the stolen $5,000 chips into cash.

But the $25,000 chips were a different story.

The Bellagio kept strict tabs on them, so Carleo had to find another way to cash those out.

He actually (if somewhat subtily) advertised them for sale at a discount on poker forums. Of course that was stupid. This eventually led to him getting set up by a Las Vegas Police Department sting operation, and he got busted selling one of the $25,000 chips to an undercover detective.

Well, he should have quit while he was ahead, like any other lucky gambler, and either thrown those $25,000 chips in the garbage or just kept them as a memento of his  brazen act.

But it's just too hard to throw out a million bucks!

Wednesday, January 04, 2017

Interesting Article on "The Secret World of Casino Security and Surveillance"

How effective is it really?
This is a very interesting article on casinos' high-tech efforts to battle the casino cheats. Although I beg to differ on the effectiveness of all the recognition software, it is still something to see and read about for those interested in the subject.

I will never be convinced that casinos will be able to recognize a large percentage of casino cheats the minute they walk inside, especially those who make an effort to disguise themselves. But on the other hand, getting instant information from license plates on cars entering the parking garages is certainly much more credible.

Monday, January 02, 2017

Kelly Cheung Yin Sun "Queen of Sorts" Goes into Casino Cheats Hall of Fame

Much more than Ivey's cheat partner
Cheung Yin Sun, also known as the "Queen of Sorts," for her prolific baccarat edge-sorting career, and for her casino-cheat partnership with Casino-Cheat Hall of Fame inductee Phil Ivey, has now been inducted herself.

Sun is the thirty-first person to be inducted into the Casino Cheats Hall of Fame and the seventh woman to have the honor.

Read Sun's history here.